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人工喷泉在水生态治理中的作用是什么

What is the role of artificial fountains in water ecological management

发布时间:2022-06-29 09:27:19 人气:102 点赞:0

  喷泉是一种将水或其他液体经过一定压力通过喷头喷洒出来具有特定形状的组合体,提供水压的一般为水泵。喷泉景观概括来说可以分为两大类:

  一是因地制宜,根据现场地形结构,仿照天然水景制作而成,如:壁泉、雾泉、管流、溪流、瀑布、水帘、跌水、水涛、漩涡等。

  二是完全依靠喷泉设备人工造景。这类水景近年来在建筑领域广泛应用,发展速度很快,种类繁多,有音乐喷泉、程控喷泉、摆动喷泉、跑动喷泉、光亮喷泉、游乐喷泉、超高喷泉、激光水幕电影等。

  人工喷泉本是明朝园林建筑中的景观,由明熹宗朱由校发明。明熹宗发明了中国*早的喷泉,宫中的人都叫这种喷泉为铜缸水戏,这在当时可是天下一绝。那时宫中都用铜缸或是木桶盛水饮用,他就在这些盛水的容器下方凿一个小孔,在里面设置机关,机关一操作,缸中的水就能飞散出来,有时泻如瀑布,有时又散若飞雪,**变成一根玉柱,击打着放在缸外面的许多小木球,木球浮在水尖上,随着水的喷吐而跳跃不已,久久不息。  

人工喷泉的作用

  人工喷泉一般是为了造景的需要,人工建造的具有装饰性的喷水装置。喷泉可以湿润周围空气,减少尘埃,降低气温。喷泉的细小水珠同空气分子撞击,能产生大量的负氧离子。因此,喷泉有益于改善城市面貌和增进居民身心健康。

  近几年,随着国内环保事业的发展,很多是市政河道治理工程中,都能看到人工喷泉的影子!人工喷泉设备在水生态治理中主要作用是增氧与景观性共存!例如下图中的这个河道治理工程!

人工喷泉

  图中展示的是我公司生产销售的喷泉设备之一,设备有220V、360V、太阳能供电等三种不同的动力供给方式!如需了解该产品的价格与用途,可以联系我们的在线客服或拨打我们的7*12(早7点-晚7点)小时免费咨询热线:400-155-8689! 

 人工喷泉分类

  (1) 水池喷泉:这是*常见的形式,设计水池,安装喷头、灯光、设备。停喷时,是一个静水池。

  (2)旱池喷泉:喷头等隐于地下,适用于让人参与的地方,如广场、游乐场。停喷时是场中一块微凹地坪,缺点是水质易污染。(3)浅池喷泉:喷头于山石、盆栽之间,可以把喷水的全范围做成一个浅水盆,也可以仅在射流落点之处设几个水钵。美国迪斯尼乐园有座间歇喷泉,由A定时喷一串水珠至B,再由B喷一串水珠至C,如此不断循环跳跃下去周而复始。

  (4)舞台喷泉:影剧院、跳舞厅、游乐场等场所,有时作为舞台前景、背景,有时作为表演场所和活动内容。这里小型的设施,水池往往是活动的。

  (5) 盆景喷泉:家庭、公共场所的摆设,大小不一,此种以水为主要景观的设施,不限于"喷"的水姿,而易于吸取高科技成果,做出让人意想不到的景观,很有启发意义。

  (6) 自然喷泉:喷头置于自然水体之中。

  (7)水幕影像:上海城隍庙的水幕电影,由喷水组成10余米宽、20余米长的扇形水幕,与夜晚天际连成一片,电影放映时,人物驰聘万里,来去无影。

  A fountain is a combination that sprays water or other liquids through a nozzle under a certain pressure and has a specific shape. It is usually a water pump that provides water pressure. Generally speaking, the fountain landscape can be divided into two categories:

  First, it is made by imitating natural waterscape according to local conditions and the terrain structure of the site, such as wall spring, fog spring, pipe flow, stream, waterfall, water curtain, falling water, water surge, vortex, etc.

  The second is to rely entirely on fountain equipment for artificial landscaping. This kind of waterscape has been widely used in the construction field in recent years, with rapid development and a wide variety, including music fountain, program-controlled fountain, swing fountain, running fountain, bright fountain, amusement fountain, ultra-high fountain, laser water screen film, etc.

  The artificial fountain was originally a landscape in the garden architecture of the Ming Dynasty. It was invented by Zhu Youxiao, Emperor Xizong of the Ming Dynasty. Emperor Xizong of the Ming Dynasty invented the earliest fountain in China. People in the palace called this fountain a bronze tank water play, which was unique in the world at that time. At that time, the Palace used copper jars or wooden barrels to hold water for drinking. He chiseled a small hole under these water containers and set a mechanism inside. Once the mechanism was operated, the water in the jars could fly out. Sometimes it flowed like a waterfall, sometimes it scattered like snow, and finally it turned into a jade pillar, hitting many small wooden balls outside the jars. The wooden balls floated on the water tip and jumped with the water for a long time.

  Function of artificial fountain

  Artificial fountains are generally decorative water sprinklers built for the needs of landscaping. Fountains can moisten the surrounding air, reduce dust and lower the temperature. The tiny drops of water in the fountain collide with air molecules and can produce a large number of negative oxygen ions. Therefore, the fountain is beneficial to improve the appearance of the city and enhance the physical and mental health of residents.

  In recent years, with the development of domestic environmental protection, the shadow of artificial fountains can be seen in many municipal river training projects! The main function of artificial fountain equipment in water ecological treatment is to increase oxygen and coexist with landscape! For example, the river training project in xiaruzhong!

  The picture shows one of the fountain equipment produced and sold by our company. The equipment has three different power supply modes: 220V, 360V and solar power supply! If you need to know the price and purpose of this product, you can contact our online customer service or call our 7*12 (7 a.m. - 7 p.m.) hour free hotline: 400-155-8689!

  Classification of artificial fountains

  (1) Pool fountain: This is the most common form. The pool is designed and the sprinkler, lighting and equipment are installed. When the spray is stopped, it is a stilling basin.

  (2) Dry pool fountain: the sprinkler is hidden underground and is suitable for places where people can participate, such as squares and amusement parks. When stopping spraying, it is a slightly concave floor in the field. The disadvantage is that the water quality is easy to be polluted. (3) Shallow pool fountain: the sprinkler is placed between rocks and potted plants, which can make the whole range of spraying water into a shallow basin, or only set a few water bowls at the jet falling point. There is a geyser in Disneyland in the United States. A regularly sprays a string of drops of water to B, and then B sprays a string of drops of water to C. in this way, it continues to cycle and jump.

  (4) Stage fountains: cinemas, dance halls, amusement parks and other places, sometimes used as stage foreground and background, and sometimes used as performance places and activities. Small facilities and pools here are often mobile.

  (5) Bonsai fountains: the furnishings in families and public places vary in size. Such facilities with water as the main landscape are not limited to the "spray" water posture, but easy to absorb high-tech achievements and make unexpected landscapes, which is very enlightening.

  (6) Natural fountain: the nozzle is placed in the natural water body.

  (7) Water curtain image: the water curtain film of the Chenghuang Temple in Shanghai consists of a fan-shaped water curtain with a width of more than 10 meters and a length of more than 20 meters, which is connected with the sky at night. When the film is shown, the characters travel thousands of miles without a shadow.


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